Diagnosing the Most Important Future Threats to the General External Environment on Iraqi and International Organizations Using PESTEL Analysis and Ways to Confront Them


  • M. Othman Awad Muhammad Tikrit University/ College of Science
  • M. Dr.. Hadi Maran Ahmed Al-Issawi Northern Technical University / Technical Institute - the role
  • Mother. Dr.. Ammar Awad Mohamed (1) Tikrit University/ College of Tools and Economics




external environment threats, Iraqi organizations, PESTEL analysis.


The research aims at diagnosing the most important future threats to the general external environment on Iraqi and international organizations using (PESTEL) analysis and ways to confront them. Legal factors) since the field of research included all Iraqi and international organizations, and data and information were obtained from official reports issued by international organizations accredited in this field and to cover the field aspect of the research, the researchers used the scientific methodologies (deductive and inductive) in order to explain the research problem and find appropriate solutions to it, The research came out with a number of conclusions, the most important of which were:.

  1. It is possible to diagnose the most important threats of the general external environment to Iraqi and international organizations and to develop appropriate solutions to confront them. However, these factors varied in importance, the most important of which is the economic factors that are the main driver for the other elements, especially the political ones.
  2. The severity of these threats varies according to the PESTEL analysis and the adoption and integration of some of them with each other.

The research concluded with a number of proposals that would enhance the reality of Iraqi organizations and give them more competitive advantages in the labor market.


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How to Cite

M. Othman Awad Muhammad, M. Dr. Hadi Maran Ahmed Al-Issawi, & Mother. Dr. Ammar Awad Mohamed (1). (2023). Diagnosing the Most Important Future Threats to the General External Environment on Iraqi and International Organizations Using PESTEL Analysis and Ways to Confront Them. Academic Journal of Digital Economics and Stability, 32, 1–19. https://doi.org/10.51699/ajdes.v32i.774